Nitrogen atoms emit electron-like charges called “valence electrons”.
It is important to understand that oxygen atoms emit both positive and negative electron-carrying charges.
The negative charges can be thought of as “electrons”, while the positive charge can be “electron-absorbing”.
The electrons that are emitted by oxygen atoms are called “nitrogen”, and these emit electrons as a negative charge.
This electron charge is the source of the negative charge and the negative ions that are generated by oxygen molecules.
In the above image, the oxygen molecules are colored in blue, and the electron charge, or “valency”, is shown in green.
The electron-bearing charge is shown as red.
We will explain this process in a second, but first let’s see what it looks like when oxygen atoms and nitrogen atoms are placed side by side.
An oxygen molecule is surrounded by a nitrogen molecule, and these molecules are shown as blue and yellow dots in the image above.
When oxygen atoms (yellow dots) and nitrogen molecules (red dots) are placed on top of each other, the negative charges are emitted.
As the negative electrons are emitted from the oxygen atoms, they interact with the nitrogen atoms to create positive ions.
After the negative charged oxygen atoms have interacted with the negatively charged nitrogen atoms, the positive ions can be created.
If the positive charged oxygen atom interacts with a nitrogen atom, the nitrogen atom will release a positive ion that can be seen in the above photo.
These positive ions interact with oxygen atoms to generate positive electrons.
Once these positive ions are created, they are carried by the oxygen molecule to form the oxygen electron.
However, the electrons are not free to interact with each other.
As shown in the next image, these negative charges still exist and can be released if an oxygen atom or nitrogen atom is excited by an electric field.
Instead of releasing a positive charge, an oxygen molecule will emit a negative ion that will carry the negative charging charge and neutralize the positive electron.
If the oxygen atom is energized, the neutralizing negative charge will be released and the positive ion will be carried by a hydrogen atom to create an oxygen ion.
The positive charge of an oxygen electron will be neutralized by the negative ion emitted from a nitrogen ion.
The negative charge of the nitrogen ion will also be neutralised by the positive charging charge from an oxygen molecules and neutralized in the process.
Here is a graph showing the energy and electric field that will be generated by an oxygen-nitrogen bond.
Nitrogen atoms (blue dots) emit negative ions (red) that will attract an oxygen (green) atom.
The hydrogen ions (purple dots) will neutralize this negative charge, which then will be transported to the oxygen ion (green dot).
This graph shows that the energy generated by the hydrogen ions and the energy of the oxygen ions will interact to form a positive (green +) and negative (red -) charge.
This is the process that produces positive (positive) and neutralizing (negative) charges, which can then be used to produce an oxygen and a nitrogen bond.
This process can also be used for creating other types of molecules.